Technology change and transfer costs: A case study of Poland
International Stability, Volume # 8 | Part# 1
Lewoc, J. B.; Izworski, A.; Skowronski, S.; Kieleczawa, A.; Hersh, M.; Kopacek, P.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
automation,information and communication technology,large-scale,pioneering,system,design,costs
The present paper discusses the problems of costs of the technology change and transfer in the domain of automation and ICT in a rather poorly developed country. The costs that had to be paid by the leading designers of large-scale projects are the basic concern. The paper presents some of the projects led by a single leading designer and the costs paid deliberately by the leading designer. The further discussion reveals that the costs are much lower than those paid by other pioneering system designers.
 Bulz N. et al. (2009), Inquiry on Triad Generosity-Creativity-Solidarity as a Turning Point within International Crisis State: Does Creative Partnership Matter? SWIIS 2009, IFAC, Bucharest.  Bulz N. (2010). Private Message. Bucharest.  Lewoc J.B. et al. (2008a). A Case Study: An ICT Technology in Enterprise Integration. APSM, IFIP, Espoo.  Lewoc J.B. et al. (2008b). Distant Learning Case-Study: Nurse Training in Diabetes Problems. CSTST, IEEE, Cergy-Pontoise.  Lewoc J.B. et al. (2009a). Power Generation/Distribution Control Systems Topology Selection Based on Robustness Evaluation, CAO'09, IFAC, Jyvaskyla.  Lewoc J.B. et al. (2009b). Technology Proliferation and Transfer Ethical Aspects: A Case Study of Wroclaw, Poland, SWIIS 2009, IFAC, Bucharest, 2009.  Lewoc J. B. et al. (2010). Some aspects of Polish pioneering computer systems. Kybernetes. (Submitted for publication).